Andrew Shields, a man of color, is bound and confined in Lawrenceburg by George and Benjamin Brasher. Brasher claims he is a Kentucky runaway, Shields claims he a a free man being kidnapped. Brasher claimed the slaveholder hired him and lived in “Miami Bottom” in Kentucky. Indiana Palladium, Volume 2, Number 25,Lawrenceburg, Dearborn County, 1 July 1826
Bill and an unnamed woman, both enslaved by “Bro. Terrill” (probably John Terrill) both successfully self-emancipate. Bill is a member of Bullittsburg Baptist Church and is excluded for “absconding” and for having left his wife for another woman (with whom he escaped). Minutes of the Proceedings of the Bullittsburg Baptist Church. Microfilm. Boone County Public Library, Burlington, KY.
Member of Sand Run Baptist church; Tombolen, bondsman of Cave Johnson, “absconded and remained absent” Minutes of the Proceedings of the Sand Run Church. Microfilm. Boone County Public Library, Burlington, Ky
Kezia, an enslaved member of Bullittsburg Baptist Church, is excluded from membership for “absconding from” her slaveholder, George Gaines, sometime prior to the 1829 meeting. Bullittsburg Baptist Church minutes, 1829
Anthony, an enslaved member of Bullittsburg Baptist Church, is excluded from membership for “absconding from” the church, sometime prior to the 1829 meeting. Slaveholder W. Moore’s will in 1825 stated Anthony would be freed in two years’ time, dependent on debts being settled. Unclear if he was free when he “absconded.” Campbell County Will Book B, p. 138; Bullittsburg Baptist Church minutes, 1829.
Silvey, an enslaved member of Bullittsburg Baptist Church, is excluded from membership for “absconding from” her slaveholder, Benjamin Watts. Bullittsburg Baptist Church Book, March, 1829.
Thornton, a freedom seeker enslaved by Francis Taylor in Maysville, KY, escaped around Christmas, 1829. His absence is referred to in an ad placed in April, 1830, offering a reward for the return of James, another freedom seeker who is suspected to be joining Thornton in freedom. Daily Cincinnati Republican, Cincinnati, OH, 7 May, 1830
James Moss, AKA James Lightfoot, self-emancipated from slaveholder Francis Taylor of Maysville on April 11, 1830. James is described as “remarkably likely and intelligent” and also reads/writes very well. A $300 reward is offered for his return. The ad indicates that James may try to unite with Thornton, a freedom seeker who left the same slaveholder in 1829. Daily Cincinnati Republican, Cincinnati, OH, 7 May, 1830
Squire Nelson, b. 1815, escaped from Mason Co, KY, ca 1831. Made it to Canada and served in Canadian militia. The Ottowa Journal, Ottoway, Ontario, Canada; June 23 1887, p 4
Enslaved man, James Harvey Patterson, was born in Boone County, Kentucky, on Sept. 15, 1831. Two years before the end of the Civil War, Patterson self-emancipated, and settled ultimately in Kansas, where he died at the age of 94 years.
Man named John Lewis was logged in Gallatin Co Jail 18 Aug 1831, under suspicion of being a runaway. Produced free papers, but was not believed. The man managed to break free from jail, left behind his horse and tack. Signed, Andrew Chapman Port William, Ky, 29 September, 1831; nkyviews.com Louisville Daily Journal, Louisville, Ky, October 1831
In a meeting at Bullittsburg Baptist Church, a complaint was made against Merrit, a “Black member of this church belonging to Bro. George Ganes for having absconded & left this chis church this Master without leave, the matter is taken up & considered & he found guilty of Sin & Excluded” –Minutes of the Proceedings of the Bullittsburg Baptist Church. Microfilm. Boone County Public Library, Burlington, KY.
Two men enslaved by Mr. Holland and Mr. Booker of Prestonville made their way north by way of Madison, IN. from nkyviews.com- Kentucky Family Mirror, Carrollton, Ky; 10 Sep 1833
Ad placed 26 June, 1834, by Warren Co. MS Jailer, Martin Anding. Freedom seeker named “Manuel,” 20 yrs old, caught aboard a steamboat by Justice of Peace for Waren Co., Samuel W. Cowan. Names his slaveholder as John Shavor (sic) of Boone County, KY.
The Liberator (Boston, Mass.) reported dozens of enslaved sought freedom from Boone County, Kentucky. Also mentioned: one enslaved mother killed two children- one drowning, one suffocation; another enslaved woman from same neighborhood also killed her only child.
Elijah Anderson, originally a Virginia-born free African American and blacksmith, moved to Madison, Indiana and almost immediately started to help enslaved African American escape to the Hoosier state by using the Underground Railroad.
A reward is offered for Tom and Hiram, two men who escaped from slave-trader, O. W. Gaines. The freedom Seekers were named in handbills distributed in Rising Sun, IN post offices. Gaines, related to the Gaines family in Boone County, had also borrowed $50,000 from the Indiana state bank for purchase of Kentucky slaves to sell in the Louisiana market. Many of the enslaved in Boone County were sold south, possibly with this group? Rising Sun Times, Rising Sun, Ind., 31 Oct 1835
Fifteen enslaved people, led by Anthony Bingey, made arrangements to escape from Gen. Taylor’s house in Newport. Included in the group was Bingey, his father, his father’s wife, their three children, Horace Hawkins and his sister, and Wash Burgess. James Williams, FPOC in Cincinnati, was conductor. The freedom seekers had obtained a pass from Taylor to go to a “camp meeting up the Ohio”. Wilbur Siebert Collection. Ohio, Hamilton County. Interview with Rev. Anthony Bingey of Windsor, Ontario. 1895. Accessed January 11, 2017
Ad for Henry, who ran from Mississippi. Was raised in Kentucky by Henry Johnson or a Mr. Chambers, then brought south by E. Coleman for sale. Thought to be running back to Kentucky. Vicksburg Register, Vicksburg, Miss; 7 Jan 1836
In 1837, Joseph G. Terrill learned he was to be sold, and decided to take his freedom, along with his five sisters and an enslaved man from another property. The group found their way to Ohio, where they were placed on the Underground Railroad to Windsor Canada. Joseph joined the British forces as a drummer during a small rebelliion. The Terrill sisters eventually settled in Ohio and Michigan. Joseph and his family settled in Syracuse, NY around 1861. He lived past 100 years old. Syracuse Herald, Syracuse, NY; Dec. 13, 1908
Reward offered for Geofery and Esther, who had been enslaved in Boone County by Corneilus Hughes, and presumably sold south. They escaped in January, and were still being sought in June. Would they have tried to contact family in Boone County on their way north? Mississippi Free Trader (Natchez, Mississippi) · Fri, Jun 23, 1837 · Page 3
March 1838, David Lilliard brought charges in the Gallatin Circuit Court against FPOC Lewis Hamilton for enticing enslaved man “Billy.” Hamilton is still on census in 1850 in Sparta. Encyclopedia of Northern Kentucky
A complaint is made against against Fredrick a “black member belonging to Br. R. Kirtley for absconding from his master and leaving the church in a disorderly manner.” Frederick does not return, and is excluded. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Bullittsburg Baptist Church. Microfilm. Boone County Public Library, Burlington, KY.
Six enslaved people who were part of a larger planned “rebellion” in Florence area thought to have made it to Canada. The other enslaved people were stopped before the escape.Western Citizen; Paris, KY, 16 Nov 1838
Bartlett, 21 yrs. old, fled the area of Ghent, in Carroll County, and remained on the run for over a week before being caught in Owen County, KY. He was accused of killing his slaveholder, Tabitha O’Neal, during an altercation in the field. After his capture, he was tried for murder and hanged. Louisville Courier Journal, Louisville, KY; 3 Sept 1839
Several unnamed freedom seekers, assisted by anti-slavery agents. Confrontation near Aurora. Col, Neal Riddle and others hunting the enslaved. Captured after altercation. Boone County Recorder, Burlington, Ky, 28 Mar 1900
Free man of color in Cincinnnati named George R. Smith implicated in escape of several enslaved from the Clarkson farm. Evan P. Anderson and Montegue McClure (Anderson Ferry) cleared him and themselves of any involvement. There are indications that they were actually involved (moved out of area, sale of ferry) as Smith may have been. Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Oh; 15 April 1841 History of the Anderson Ferry
The escape of Hannah, Andrew, Letta, Jerry, Mary, Jackson, George, Henry and James from Wharton Jones, assisted by John Van Zandt took place on April 23, 1841. They were pursued by slave catchers and caught. Two escaped, but only one, Andrew, remained free (the other returned on his own) VanZant was arrested, then released. Legal proceedings for Jones to recoup the loss of Andrew and the cost of the slavehunters ruined VanZandt financially. Daily Ohio Statesman, Columbus, Ohio; 14 July 1843; Lorain Republican (Elyria, Ohio) · Wed, Aug 2, 1843 · Page 2; Ohio History Central