PENDLETON: Second Escape of Bill

Harrison-Pendleton

1796
Jan 01

PENDLETON: Alice and children escape.

A woman named Alice, with her son and daughter, escaped from Daniel Stringer of Pendleton County. Stringer believed that they had been “stolen” by another freedom seeker, Sam, who was enslaved by Elijah Tucker (also Pendlton Co.) Hudson, J. Blaine (2002) Fugitive Slaves and The Underground Railroad in the Kentucky Borderland. Jefferson, North Carolina. MacFarland and Company, Inc.

1802
Nov 24

PENDLETON: Artful Billy!

Slaveholder Francis Flournoy, near the forks of Licking, offered a $20 reward for the return of Billy, 37 or 38 years old. It is suspected that he may change his appearance and clothing, as he is described as “artful and cunning.” The ad mentions he may be in the company of a white man posing as his slaveholder. Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette, Cincinnati, OH; 24 Nov, 1802

1806
Aug 04

PENDLETON: Second Escape of Bill

Bill, who is about 20 years old, takes his freedom from slaveholder John Mountjoy, on the 2nd of July, 1806. Mountjoy’s property is near the forks of the Licking River in Pendleton County. It’s notable that the ad for his return mentions that he lost his toes by fire when he was small, yet this is his second escape from enslavement. $5 reward is offered for his return. Liberty Hall, Cincinnati, OH; 4 Aug 1806.

1838
Jan 01

PENDLETON: Reverend tried in court.

Rev. John B. Mahan tried in Mason County court for assisting two enslaved people belonging to Mr. Greathouse of Pendleton County, KY.

1843
May 12

HARRISON: Ad for seven runaway slaves.

Mr. Lee, advertisement for seven runaway slaves. One is described: “Fanny the mother of the four children is about 25 years of age, white as most white women, straight light hair” Vermont Phoenix, 12 May 1843

1848
Aug 25

HARRISON: Mass escape.

8 Aug 1848: slaveholders: P. Wherritt, G. Remington, Benson Roberts, W. G. Hedges, John Righter; escape of 40+ enslaved, armed, mention of abolitionists helping, one white man killed in attempting capture, mob gathered in Bracken; 25 Aug 1848 Frederick Douglass’ Papers

1854
Jun 15

PENDLETON: 21 escape to Canada.

Twenty-one enslaved people from the vicinity of Falmouth, Ky, made their escape to Canada. Assistance attributed to Wm. N. Warren of Lockport, Erie, PA. Alton Weekly Telegraph, Alton, Ill, 15 June 1854 p 2

1856
Nov 12

HARRISON: Mass escape.

Fourteen enslaved people escaped from Kenton County, and twelve from Maysville, Western Reserve Chronicle, Warren, OH. 12 Nov 1856

Dec 12

HARRISON: Three freedom seekers and conductor captured.

December: 3 enslaved people; UGRR conductor Thomas Fitzpatrick (Cov/Lex Railroad brakeman); all captured; slaveholders Ashbroke and Garnet; The Liberator, Boston, MA; 12 Dec 1856, p. 3

1859
Jul 09

PENDLETON: Mr. Green and three freedom seekers caught

Mr. Green, a naturalized German national living in Pendleton County was caught assisting in the escape of two women and two children (aged 6 and 10 yrs.) The slaveholders were Mr. Ellis and Mr. Kirby; both lived near Flour Creek. The relationships amongst the women and children is not clear. All were caught in the attempt; the reporter paraphrased that Green was “Doing his duty and would do the same again.” The Louisville Daily Courier, Louisville, Ky; 9 July 1859 p 1

Bill, who is about 20 years old, takes his freedom from slaveholder John Mountjoy, on the 2nd of July, 1806. Mountjoy’s property is near the forks of the Licking River in Pendleton County. It’s notable that the ad for his return mentions that he lost his toes by fire when he was small, yet this is his second escape from enslavement. $5 reward is offered for his return. Liberty Hall, Cincinnati, OH; 4 Aug 1806.

PENDLETON: Artful Billy!

Harrison-Pendleton

1796
Jan 01

PENDLETON: Alice and children escape.

A woman named Alice, with her son and daughter, escaped from Daniel Stringer of Pendleton County. Stringer believed that they had been “stolen” by another freedom seeker, Sam, who was enslaved by Elijah Tucker (also Pendlton Co.) Hudson, J. Blaine (2002) Fugitive Slaves and The Underground Railroad in the Kentucky Borderland. Jefferson, North Carolina. MacFarland and Company, Inc.

1802
Nov 24

PENDLETON: Artful Billy!

Slaveholder Francis Flournoy, near the forks of Licking, offered a $20 reward for the return of Billy, 37 or 38 years old. It is suspected that he may change his appearance and clothing, as he is described as “artful and cunning.” The ad mentions he may be in the company of a white man posing as his slaveholder. Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette, Cincinnati, OH; 24 Nov, 1802

1806
Aug 04

PENDLETON: Second Escape of Bill

Bill, who is about 20 years old, takes his freedom from slaveholder John Mountjoy, on the 2nd of July, 1806. Mountjoy’s property is near the forks of the Licking River in Pendleton County. It’s notable that the ad for his return mentions that he lost his toes by fire when he was small, yet this is his second escape from enslavement. $5 reward is offered for his return. Liberty Hall, Cincinnati, OH; 4 Aug 1806.

1838
Jan 01

PENDLETON: Reverend tried in court.

Rev. John B. Mahan tried in Mason County court for assisting two enslaved people belonging to Mr. Greathouse of Pendleton County, KY.

1843
May 12

HARRISON: Ad for seven runaway slaves.

Mr. Lee, advertisement for seven runaway slaves. One is described: “Fanny the mother of the four children is about 25 years of age, white as most white women, straight light hair” Vermont Phoenix, 12 May 1843

1848
Aug 25

HARRISON: Mass escape.

8 Aug 1848: slaveholders: P. Wherritt, G. Remington, Benson Roberts, W. G. Hedges, John Righter; escape of 40+ enslaved, armed, mention of abolitionists helping, one white man killed in attempting capture, mob gathered in Bracken; 25 Aug 1848 Frederick Douglass’ Papers

1854
Jun 15

PENDLETON: 21 escape to Canada.

Twenty-one enslaved people from the vicinity of Falmouth, Ky, made their escape to Canada. Assistance attributed to Wm. N. Warren of Lockport, Erie, PA. Alton Weekly Telegraph, Alton, Ill, 15 June 1854 p 2

1856
Nov 12

HARRISON: Mass escape.

Fourteen enslaved people escaped from Kenton County, and twelve from Maysville, Western Reserve Chronicle, Warren, OH. 12 Nov 1856

Dec 12

HARRISON: Three freedom seekers and conductor captured.

December: 3 enslaved people; UGRR conductor Thomas Fitzpatrick (Cov/Lex Railroad brakeman); all captured; slaveholders Ashbroke and Garnet; The Liberator, Boston, MA; 12 Dec 1856, p. 3

1859
Jul 09

PENDLETON: Mr. Green and three freedom seekers caught

Mr. Green, a naturalized German national living in Pendleton County was caught assisting in the escape of two women and two children (aged 6 and 10 yrs.) The slaveholders were Mr. Ellis and Mr. Kirby; both lived near Flour Creek. The relationships amongst the women and children is not clear. All were caught in the attempt; the reporter paraphrased that Green was “Doing his duty and would do the same again.” The Louisville Daily Courier, Louisville, Ky; 9 July 1859 p 1

Slaveholder Francis Flournoy, near the forks of Licking, offered a $20 reward for the return of Billy, 37 or 38 years old. It is suspected that he may change his appearance and clothing, as he is described as “artful and cunning.” The ad mentions he may be in the company of a white man posing as his slaveholder. Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette, Cincinnati, OH; 24 Nov, 1802

MASON: Escape of James Moss (Lightfoot)

James Moss, AKA James Lightfoot, self-emancipated from slaveholder Francis Taylor of Maysville on April 11, 1830. James is described as “remarkably likely and intelligent” and also reads/writes very well. A $300 reward is offered for his return. The ad indicates that James may try to unite with Thornton, a freedom seeker who left the same slaveholder in 1829. Daily Cincinnati Republican, Cincinnati, OH, 7 May, 1830

MASON: Still Free!

Thornton, a freedom seeker enslaved by Francis Taylor in Maysville, KY, escaped around Christmas, 1829. His absence is referred to in an ad placed in April, 1830, offering a reward for the return of James, another freedom seeker who is suspected to be joining Thornton in freedom. Daily Cincinnati Republican, Cincinnati, OH, 7 May, 1830

MASON: Reward Ad for Dick and Attempted Capture

$50 reward is offered for the return of freedom seeker named Dick, who is 35-40 years old, and ownership is claimed by David L. Ward of Mays Lick. A man matching Dick’s description was spotted near Chillicothe, OH, and claimed to be a free man, recently manumitted by a preacher named James Suggett. Ad place by agent William Buckner, Jr. Liberty Hall, Cincinnati, OH; Sep 29, 1807

GALLATIN: Four Freedom Seekers

Four unnamed men near Warsaw escaped enslavement in Sep 1859. Slaveholders by the name of “Robinson” and “Hughes” each claimed ownership of one man; the slaveholder(s) of the other two men were not named. Indiana Weekly Visitor, Rising Sun, IN, 17 Sep 1859

GALLATIN: Reward Ad for Harry and Mingo

A combined reward of $20 is offered by slaveholders Thomas Ayers and James Blanton of Gallatin County, for the return of Harry and Mingo. Harry, 18 yrs old, was wearing a blue or black coat, and Mingo, 24 yrs old, was described as blind in one eye. Liberty Hall, Cincinnati, OH; 14 Aug 1811

FLEMING: Escape of Harry

Harry, a man of about 28 yrs old, left enslavement in Flemingsburg on the 20th of May, 1820, wearing his new “roram hat” (similar to a beaver hat). Slaveholder Joshua Stockton offered a reward of $50 for his return. Cincinnati Advertiser, Cincinnati, OH, 27 June, 1820

CARROLL: Capture of Bartlett

Bartlett, 21 yrs. old, fled the area of Ghent, in Carroll County, and remained on the run for over a week before being caught in Owen County, KY. He was accused of killing his slaveholder, Tabitha O’Neal, during an altercation in the field. After his capture, he was tried for murder and hanged. Louisville Courier Journal, Louisville, KY; 3 Sept 1839

CAMPBELL: Reward Ad for Townley

Slaveholder Thomas Bean offered a $100 reward for the return of Townley, who took his freedom while in Campbell County, one mile below Cincinnati (West Covington or Ludlow area). Townley, 21 yrs old, was recently purchased from John I. Estep of Maryland, and it is suspected he may return there (for family?), or he may go to Ohio or Pennsylvania. The slaveholder resides in Prince George’s County, MD, though it’s not clear why Townley was in Kentucky when he escaped. Daily Cincinnati Republican, Cincinnati, OH; 25 Jan 1825